# Fantasy Football¶

So - this is my first year participating in a fantasy football league. I enjoy football, but I typically only keep up with a few teams, so drafting an actual team was a bit daunting. So, like most things, I relied on data to help me out. I spent some time researching strategy, looking at projections, and even simulating some drafts. Draft day came and I felt pretty good about my team...but now I am currently 0-3 for the season. Ha.

I started to get a bit curious about why I was doing so poorly. Typically my "projected" points were pretty good each week, but my team just never seemed to deliver.

Thus, here is my first post looking at the biggest out performers and the biggest misses relative to ESPN projections. All data are from ESPN. So - lets get to it!

In [1]:
import psycopg2
import pandas.io.sql as psql
import pandas as pd
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
from __future__ import division #now division always returns a floating point number
import numpy as np
import seaborn as sns
%matplotlib inline

In [12]:
db = psycopg2.connect("dbname='fantasyfootball' host='localhost'")

def get_combined_df():
select name, team, position, sum(total_points) as points_actual
group by name, team, position;""", con=db)
select name, team, position, sum(total_points) as points_predicted
from next_week_projections
group by name, team, position;""", con=db)
combined_df = actual_points.merge(predicted_points,
on=['name', 'team', 'position'], how='left')
combined_df = combined_df.dropna()
combined_df = combined_df[combined_df['points_predicted'] > 0]
combined_df['points_diff'] = combined_df.points_actual - combined_df.points_predicted
combined_df['points_diff_pct'] = (combined_df.points_actual - combined_df.points_predicted) / combined_df.points_predicted
return combined_df

def get_top_bottom(df):
group = df.groupby('position')
top_list = []
bottom_list = []
for name, data in group:
top = data.sort('points_diff', ascending=False)
tail = top.tail()
tail = tail.sort('points_diff')
bottom_list.append(tail)
top_df = pd.concat(top_list)
bottom_df = pd.concat(bottom_list)

def run_analysis():
combined_df = get_combined_df()
top, bottom = get_top_bottom(combined_df)
return combined_df, top, bottom


# RESULTS¶

For the results, I decided to show the top 5 out performers and the top 5 under performers for the cumulative season based on the absolute point difference (not the percentage). First, here are the out performers. This is pretty interesting. Travis Benjamin, for example, has in the first 3 weeks produced an extra 33.6 fantasy points relative to expectations. Not too bad.

In [13]:
combined_df, top_1, bottom_1 = run_analysis()

In [14]:
top_1

Out[14]:
name team position points_actual points_predicted points_diff points_diff_pct
384 Broncos Broncos D 55 36.5 18.5 0.506849
281 Cardinals Cardinals D 48 31.4 16.6 0.528662
490 Cowboys Cowboys D 23 15.9 7.1 0.446541
248 Titans Titans D 23 16.1 6.9 0.428571
25 Jets Jets D 34 30.7 3.3 0.107492
255 Stephen Gostkowski NE K 40 26.2 13.8 0.526718
309 Josh Brown NYG K 39 32.4 6.6 0.203704
247 Brandon McManus Den K 34 30.0 4.0 0.133333
307 Steven Hauschka Sea K 34 30.7 3.3 0.107492
496 Mason Crosby GB K 32 32.1 -0.1 -0.003115
375 Tom Brady NE QB 77 52.2 24.8 0.475096
204 Andy Dalton Cin QB 69 51.5 17.5 0.339806
13 Marcus Mariota Ten QB 57 45.4 11.6 0.255507
488 Tyrod Taylor Buf QB 64 53.1 10.9 0.205273
107 Ryan Mallett Hou QB 37 28.6 8.4 0.293706
265 Karlos Williams Buf RB 37 16.9 20.1 1.189349
295 Marcel Reece Oak RB 20 3.3 16.7 5.060606
457 Dion Lewis NE RB 40 24.8 15.2 0.612903
99 DeAngelo Williams Pit RB 38 24.2 13.8 0.570248
134 Devonta Freeman Atl RB 51 37.2 13.8 0.370968
171 Rob Gronkowski NE TE 54 34.0 20.0 0.588235
241 Anthony Fasano Ten TE 17 0.3 16.7 55.666667
219 Austin Seferian-Jenkins TB TE 23 9.0 14.0 1.555556
319 Gary Barnidge Cle TE 20 6.7 13.3 1.985075
272 Travis Kelce KC TE 37 27.9 9.1 0.326165
258 Travis Benjamin Cle WR 51 17.4 33.6 1.931034
414 Larry Fitzgerald Ari WR 62 34.1 27.9 0.818182
174 Rishard Matthews Mia WR 43 15.9 27.1 1.704403
250 James Jones GB WR 44 26.2 17.8 0.679389
394 Julian Edelman NE WR 39 23.8 15.2 0.638655

Now here are the under performers. These are the people you don't want to be playing...For example, C.J. Anderson comes in at a whopping 42 points under expectation. Who is my running back you ask... Drew Brees takes the cake, though, under performing by 46.2 points on the season. He was injured, though.

In [17]:
bottom_1

Out[17]:
name team position points_actual points_predicted points_diff points_diff_pct
45 Colts Colts D 12 34.4 -22.4 -0.651163
223 Dolphins Dolphins D 14 36.3 -22.3 -0.614325
213 Texans Texans D 12 32.1 -20.1 -0.626168
470 Lions Lions D 14 27.4 -13.4 -0.489051
141 Chargers Chargers D 10 23.1 -13.1 -0.567100
366 Adam Vinatieri Ind K 5 31.5 -26.5 -0.841270
24 Matt Prater Det K 8 30.9 -22.9 -0.741100
461 Phil Dawson SF K 13 35.8 -22.8 -0.636872
399 Andrew Franks Mia K 14 33.6 -19.6 -0.583333
193 Josh Scobee Pit K 16 32.1 -16.1 -0.501558
21 Drew Brees NO QB 28 74.2 -46.2 -0.622642
251 Andrew Luck Ind QB 41 69.5 -28.5 -0.410072
426 Sam Bradford Phi QB 27 55.5 -28.5 -0.513514
477 Teddy Bridgewater Min QB 28 55.5 -27.5 -0.495495
428 Peyton Manning Den QB 43 67.7 -24.7 -0.364845
20 C.J. Anderson Den RB 6 48.0 -42.0 -0.875000
276 Marshawn Lynch Sea RB 19 55.0 -36.0 -0.654545
184 DeMarco Murray Phi RB 18 50.3 -32.3 -0.642147
311 Jeremy Hill Cin RB 20 50.0 -30.0 -0.600000
416 Lamar Miller Mia RB 15 42.8 -27.8 -0.649533
16 Zach Ertz Phi TE 8 22.0 -14.0 -0.636364
386 Benjamin Watson NO TE 4 15.4 -11.4 -0.740260
226 Mychal Rivera Oak TE 1 12.0 -11.0 -0.916667
136 Jeff Cumberland NYJ TE 1 10.8 -9.8 -0.907407
227 Martellus Bennett Chi TE 16 25.0 -9.0 -0.360000
296 Alshon Jeffery Chi WR 7 37.4 -30.4 -0.812834
123 Calvin Johnson Det WR 24 48.7 -24.7 -0.507187
32 Andre Johnson Ind WR 4 27.9 -23.9 -0.856631
87 Demaryius Thomas Den WR 30 52.5 -22.5 -0.428571
105 Mike Evans TB WR 10 32.4 -22.4 -0.691358

Next, I wanted to take a look at the distribution of point differences by position. The below chart shows that the median player in all positions is under performing, except for TE which is pretty close to zero. There are a few break out WRs and quite a bunch of under performing running backs. The spread is also pretty wide for most of the positions.

In [21]:
ax = sns.boxplot(combined_df.points_diff, groupby=combined_df.position)
plt.title("Distribution of Point Differences by Position")
sns.despine()


I also looked at the distribution of actual points by position. One thing you hear in fantasy is to select RBs early because they are high variance players. Meaning that you suffer more by getting a lower ranked RB than a lower ranked QB. This is also due to the fact that a lot more RBs are getting drafted than QBs. Below is the distribution for all players and provides a general sense.

In [23]:
ax = sns.boxplot(combined_df.points_actual, groupby=combined_df.position)
plt.title("Distribution of Actual Points by Position")
sns.despine()


To see if the high variance difference is playing out, we can look at the top 12 quarterbacks and top 36 running backs so far in the season (assume 12 team league with 1 starting QB and 3 starting RBs). You can see below that indeed the RBs standard deviation is quite a bit higher (about 7 points) than the QBs.

In [34]:
combined_df[combined_df['position'] == "QB"].sort('points_actual', ascending=False).head(n=12).describe()

Out[34]:
points_actual points_predicted points_diff points_diff_pct
count 12.000000 12.000000 12.000000 12.000000
mean 60.500000 58.425000 2.075000 0.052784
std 10.706837 8.424761 12.753048 0.227619
min 48.000000 45.400000 -17.800000 -0.258721
25% 50.500000 51.475000 -5.175000 -0.089687
50% 60.500000 57.500000 0.400000 0.006114
75% 67.500000 65.750000 11.075000 0.217831
max 77.000000 69.900000 24.800000 0.475096
In [35]:
combined_df[combined_df['position'] == "QB"].sort('points_actual', ascending=False).head(n=36).describe()

Out[35]:
points_actual points_predicted points_diff points_diff_pct
count 36.000000 36.000000 3.600000e+01 36.000000
mean 41.083333 50.894444 -9.811111e+00 -0.186386
std 17.762521 15.940549 1.436052e+01 0.272579
min 9.000000 14.600000 -4.620000e+01 -0.625000
25% 28.000000 44.325000 -1.732500e+01 -0.366491
50% 41.500000 54.750000 -1.295000e+01 -0.259642
75% 49.500000 62.650000 -1.776357e-15 -0.002554
max 77.000000 74.200000 2.480000e+01 0.475096

# In conclusion¶

These were just some quick analyses I did to try and get a sense of which players are doing well/poorly and how various positions are performing.

If people find this interesting, I can try and update the data as the season goes on.

I am hoping to find time to investigate the ESPN projections to see how sensical they really are. Based on the chart above, they seem to aim high, leading to many under performers. I would like to try and build my own projection model to see how well I can compare. Now that I think about it, here are the overall summary statistics below. It looks like on average ESPN is over projecting by about 4 points with a standard deviation of 10.5 points.

In [38]:
combined_df.describe()

Out[38]:
points_actual points_predicted points_diff points_diff_pct
count 408.000000 408.000000 408.000000 408.000000
mean 17.424020 21.504167 -4.080147 1.497506
std 15.399643 16.295564 10.514605 10.662482
min 0.000000 0.100000 -46.200000 -1.000000
25% 5.000000 7.875000 -10.125000 -0.500389
50% 14.000000 19.550000 -3.550000 -0.250522
75% 25.000000 30.725000 1.500000 0.180199
max 77.000000 74.200000 33.600000 119.000000