This notebook was prepared by Donne Martin. Source and license info is on GitHub.

Challenge Notebook

Problem: Implement insertion sort.


  • Is a naive solution sufficient?
    • Yes
  • Are duplicates allowed?
    • Yes
  • Can we assume the input is valid?
    • No
  • Can we assume this fits memory?
    • Yes

Test Cases

  • None -> Exception
  • Empty input -> []
  • One element -> [element]
  • Two or more elements


Refer to the Solution Notebook. If you are stuck and need a hint, the solution notebook's algorithm discussion might be a good place to start.


In [ ]:
class InsertionSort(object):

    def sort(self, data):
        # TODO: Implement me

Unit Test

The following unit test is expected to fail until you solve the challenge.

In [ ]:
# %load
import unittest

class TestInsertionSort(unittest.TestCase):

    def test_insertion_sort(self):
        insertion_sort = InsertionSort()

        print('None input')
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, insertion_sort.sort, None)

        print('Empty input')
        self.assertEqual(insertion_sort.sort([]), [])

        print('One element')
        self.assertEqual(insertion_sort.sort([5]), [5])

        print('Two or more elements')
        data = [5, 1, 7, 2, 6, -3, 5, 7, -1]
        self.assertEqual(insertion_sort.sort(data), sorted(data))

        print('Success: test_insertion_sort')

def main():
    test = TestInsertionSort()

if __name__ == '__main__':

Solution Notebook

Review the Solution Notebook for a discussion on algorithms and code solutions.